Since the First Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, industry has never stopped evolving. It began with the steam powered engines, which made it possible to transform industry from manual to machine labour. After that came the combustion engines, making machines more durable, reliable and more efficient. Then came the digitalisation using computers and the internet. About 300 years after the steam engine, it’s time for the fourth revolution within the manufacturing process. Industry 4.0, the industry to complete automated processes. In this blog, I will delve into the impact that AI will have on the industry.
A very brief flight through history
Industry 1.0: The Dawn of Mechanised Production
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the world witnessed the First Industrial Revolution, Industry 1.0. This epoch was characterised by the transition from manual production methods to mechanised techniques. Factories emerged, driven by water and steam power, marking a significant shift in manufacturing and the global economy. The textile industry was profoundly transformed as spinning jennies, water frames, and steam engines streamlined production, enhancing output and efficiency.
Industry 2.0: The Era of Mass Production
Fast-forward to the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and Industry 2.0 emerged, indicating the age of mass production and assembly lines. The electrification of factories enabled more flexibility in production and the division of labour. The automotive industry, with Henry Ford’s assembly line, embodies this era. Production became more efficient, products were standardised, and for the first time, goods became accessible to a broader section of the population, marking the birth of consumer culture.
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